Having Platina for Lunch: Dayboard Alternatives
by Lady Andrea MacIntyre
[mka Denise Wolff]
Seeing some luncheon tables over the years only offering the same
basic cubed cheese, meat, and bread, I put myself on a quest to find
more historically accurate and tasty ways to feed the populace at
event lunch board. It was my intention to "dabble" with something
that could be put out on a feast table (with minimum maintenance)
during the day, so I went searching for particular types of relishes,
breads, pasties, and sops.
Today, you will taste some of my research into relishes which are
taken directly from "Book VIII, De Honesta Voluptate, On Right Pleasure
and Good Health", by Platina (Bartolomeo Sacchi) 1421-1481. Platina's
work dwells mainly on the humors and organs of the body which are
affected when one eats. It was his conclusion that if one ate things
in certain order and in certain amounts, one could gain direct health
from that which he ate.
- The recipes below all pertain to the liver, which he states is the
seat of the blood. According to Platina, it is the body's job to filter
and make new blood in the liver. It is also said by Platina, that we
are prone to certain conditions of the soul during certain times of
the year. As melancholy is prevalent during this time (August 6th to
November 6th) according to Platina, we should be eating tart and bitter
foods (relishes are good) and should work little to maintain our health.
I agree on both counts, we should eat taste bud inspiring foods and
get some well deserved rest before the upcoming winter!!
- Below, you will find the recipes used for the relishes. I chose these
relishes especially for their colors. It was my intention to perk up
the senses with the color, texture, taste, and fragrance of the foods.
It is my belief that the art of dining should be a sensual experience.
We have to eat to survive, but should it not be a pleasure to do so?
- I intend to do further study on this issue on repasts of the 14th
and 15th centuries. I expect to delve into other recipes of Platina
as well to create, taste test, and eventually use in its entirety all
of my research at a future day board at a future event.
- Note: The bread I made to accompany these relishes is a basic white
bread recipe that I have embedded in my brain. I can provide a recipe
for this if needed. I use Platina as the source for this as well.
- Moretum Quod Salsapavo Vocatur
- Vitella ovorum dura, iocinora pulli elixa, amygdalas tostas pro numero
convivarum simul terito. Trita aceto vel acresta dissolvito, in caccabumque
per setaceum traiicito, addeno tantum cinnami gingiberis sacchari quantum
sat erit. Coqui paululum hoc moretum et colorari crocco debet. Alit
tum mirifice, hepar iuvat; aegre tamen concoquitur.
- Relish which is called "Bright -Colored
- Grind together for a number of guests hard-boiled egg yolks, boiled
chicken livers, and toasted almonds. When they are ground, soak in vinegar
or verjuice, and strain through a sieve into a bowl, adding as much
cinnamon, ginger, and sugar as will be enough. This relish ought to
be cooked a little and colored with saffron. Then, it is wonderfully
nourishing, helps the liver, but digests badly.
- My redaction: I boiled the eggs and removed the yellows from
them, I ground them and put them aside. I boiled the chicken livers,
and ground them and put them with the egg yolks. I toasted whole almonds
in an oven on a low heat until crunchy. I then ground them and put them
in with the other ingredients. I mixed in verjuice, added cinnamon,
ginger, and sugar until it tasted good. Then I mixed in saffron, to
which I had added a small bit of verjuice and reheated the entire mixture
in the oven. I then set it to cool in the refrigerator due to its meat
ingredient until serving.
- Tuccetum ex Prunis Siccis
- Pruna in vino nigro remollita et exossata cum modico amygdalarum non
decoriatarum cumque aliquot buccellis panis tosti ac, in eodem vino
quo pruna humetatis, simul tundes. Tunsa cum acresta vino nigro sapa
aut saccharo dissolves ac colabis, addendo aliquid ex aromatibus, maxime
vero cinnamo. Parum alit, appetentiam tollit, stomacho nocet, bilem
tamen reprimit, hepar calidum refrigerat.
- Relish from Dried Plums
- Crush together prunes, softened in red wine and pitted, with a few
unpeeled almonds and some pieces of toasted bread, moistened with the
same wine as the prunes. When they have been crushed, soak them with
verjuice, red wine, must, or sugar, and strain, adding some spices,
especially cinnamon. It is of little nourishment, takes away the appetite,
and harms the stomach, but it represses bile and cools a hot liver.
- My redaction: I soaked pitted prunes in red wine with some
almonds and some white bread that had been toasted in the oven. I crushed
everything and added verjuice, red wine, and sugar. I then added cinnamon
and ginger, and cooled until serving.
- Moretum Viride
- Petroselini, serpilli, blitae, aliarumve hebarum odoriferarum parum
gingiberis, item cinnami, ac salis modicum simul terito. Trita aceto
acri dissolvito, ac in catinum per setaceum transagito. Si allium placet
plus minusve ex appetentia addito. Alit et hoc parum, stomachum atque
hepar calefacit, tarde concoquitur, oppilationes tamen aperit, et desiderium
- Green Relish
- Grind together a little parsley, thyme, chard, and other fragrant
herbs, a moderate amount of ginger, also of cinnamon, and a bit of salt.
When they are ground, soak in sharp vinegar, and pass through a sieve
into a bowl. If a little garlic pleases you, add more or less according
to taste. This is of little nourishmant, heats the stomach and liver,
and digests slowly, but opens obstructions and revives desire of eating.
- My redaction: I picked all the herbs fresh from my garden (I
used parsley, thyme, rosemary, and basil) and added it to the chard
(bought) which I first chopped and then ground. I also added cinnamon,
ginger, and salt as requested. Liking garlic, I added this as well to
the mixture and chilled until serving.
- Moretum Persicinum
- Amygdalas mundas cum excavato ac remollito pane bene tundito. Tunsis
parum gingiberis et cinnami addito, acresta deinde vino nigro, succo
mail punici dissolvito, transagitoque per setaceum excretorium in catinum
aut patinas. Sui qui sandalos tunsos his rebus addant. Hoc edulium parum
alit, diu moratur in stomacho, bilem tamen reprimit, ac aestuanti hepati
- Persian Relish
- Thoroughly crush cleaned almonds with crumbed and softened bread.
When they are crushed, add a little ginger and cinnamon, then soak in
verjuice, red wine, and juice of the pomegranate, and pass through a
sieve into a bowl or serving dishes. Some add crushed dates to this.
This dish is of little nourishment and delays for a long time in the
stomach, but it represses bile and is good for a upset liver.
- My redaction: I crushed peeled almonds with pieces of white
bread. I added ginger, cinnamon, verjuice, red wine. I extracted juice
from the pomegranate fruit I was lucky enough to find in season. I added
this and some chopped dates to the dish, mixed and chilled until serving.